basic settings in the camera

Are you interested in photography, owning a camera and need to know the basic settings in the camera to capture perfect moments? Then this is the right guide for you to dwell upon.

This detailed guide will help you to know how to handle a camera with a comprehensive explanation of the features available in the camera.

There are three important things in a camera you should look for while shooting anywhere either outside or inside of your house. They are Shutter speed, ISO and Aperture, and if you know how to use it perfectly, you can take a good picture with your camera. Let’s dive into the topic.

Shutter Speed

It is one of the significant things in the camera because you can take different types of shots by adjusting the shutter speed. If you want to excel in photography, you must know the impact of shutter speed while taking shots. First, if you have slow shutter speed, then more light comes into the camera sensor which will be suitable to take a low-light shot especially during evening time, early morning or at the night time.

What To Do If You Want To Photograph a Fast-Moving Object?

If you are shooting a moving object and you want to capture the image without any shake at the background, then you should set your shutter speed high so that you can capture the object perfectly. And if you want to take a panning shot, you can adjust the shutter speed a little bit slower, and you can test with it.

Look at the above images, and you can see the difference at the different shutter speed. In the first picture, you can get a clear view of the object, and in the second one, the image is little blurred. Finally, you can see the spinning of that object and from this, you will get a clear idea of how shutter speed works at different paces.

How Does The Bulb Mode Work?

When talking about shutter speed, it is important to mention the bulb mode. Almost every camera has the bulb mode, and so you can use it for so many purposes such as night-time photography, long-exposure photography and many more. In the bulb mode, you can control the shutter speed either with your hands or with the help of a remote.

Practice a lot

Once you have learned to do that you can do a lot of things with the camera shutter speed. For example, if you are in the bulb mode and you want to take long-exposure photography, you can set the speed like how many minutes or seconds your camera sensor wants to open to capture the image, and you can see the output. By practicing a lot only you can get an idea about the shutter speed.

If you want to know more about shutter speed, you can search for shutter speed settings in google images so that you will get some more idea about shutter speed.


Aperture is another setting in the camera you want to look for while taking portrait or landscape images or any other photography. When the aperture is more open, then the amount of light passing through it will be more, and so the depth of field will be more shallow. The depth of field is responsible for the sharpness of one particular area in the picture. The main purpose of the aperture is to adjust the background blur in the images. Making use of aperture depends upon the type of photography and also the photographer because not all images need to be blurred at the background.

How To Control The Aperture And Depth Of Field?

When you are in a dark room or a low light area, you should select the largest aperture so that the sensor will have a large amount of light to pass through it. After that, if you want to take a bokeh effect, you can keep it at the largest aperture, and you just want to do a little trick in that for taking bokeh.

Every camera used to have aperture priority mode, you can set the dial to that mode so that camera will automatically control the depth of field to your object. But sometimes you won’t be fulfilled with the output as you get in the manual mode.

You can see the difference in the above images. The left one is more blur at the background than the right one because of the aperture value. When you change the aperture to lower or higher, it will affect the depth of field of the images.

Aperture Mode

One of the important things that you want to remember while shooting with 18-55 mm, f/3.5- f/5.6 and similar to that kind of lens, when you are at full zoom your largest aperture should be f/5.6. You can’t have the aperture at f/3.5 and this is one of the basic things to be taken care of in the aperture mode.

If you get the prime lens then you will have the same aperture. For example, if the camera has f/2.8 mm means you will have the same value at each and every point of your focusing point  so that you can take sharp pictures with that lens.


Last would be the ISO. Keeping your ISO at a low level can give you a crystal clear image, whereas an increase in the ISO will make your images get grains. But this is not the case in every camera. Some high-end cameras can result in brighter images when ISO is kept high.

Difficulties While Shooting In The Night Time

Whenever you are shooting at night time, you can set your ISO higher if you need a sharp image, but lower-end cameras will result in grains in your images. So, before choosing the higher ISO, first, check the images whether clarity is good or not, and after that, try to increase it to get brighter pictures.

iso settings
iso settings

The above images are good examples of the importance of ISO in cameras. Most of them will not be able to see the first image, and it is because of the ISO which is not properly adjusted. And in the second image, you can see a clear picture even though the light is very dim. It is very much helpful for shooting images anywhere, anytime, with the camera.

When Do You Need To Increase Your ISO?

If your shutter speed is high and the aperture is smaller, but you want the images to look brighter then you can go for higher ISO. Mostly during the daytime, you can set your ISO at a lower level unless you need it. But at night time, you need to know how to adjust your ISO according to your needs.

Below mentioned points are some of the important things you need to know while shooting with your camera.

Image Quality

You can set the image format to either JPEG or RAW, you can learn about them in detail later, but as of now, our important goal is to understand which is the best one to choose. When you shoot the image in the JPEG format, your image size will be small compared to RAW.

RAW Format

The RAW file format will be of high quality, and it is very easy to edit compared to JPEG images as it will reduce the image quality while editing and it also won’t be as effective as RAW format. So wherever you go for shooting, you should take the backup of images immediately or take extra cards.

Another setting is that you can set the image quality to small, large or large plus RAW format depending upon the image you are shooting.

Things To Know While Shooting

If you have set your dial in the manual mode, it might seem to be difficult for beginners to get sharp images. And sometimes without your knowledge, you won’t get the output as you thought, at that time you can set the automatic mode on and image stabilizer on in the lens mount so that you won’t miss any details of the image. You can also focus your object through back focus button. Every camera used to have this option, it will be either near the viewfinder or above the menu settings.


After taking some shots, you can try to identify the mistakes you have done by observing the photos deeply. Because that will help you to avoid such mistakes in the future. With regular practice only you can explore many things on the camera. So try to take several images in different angles with your camera.